Ladakh is a place where beautiful lakes are available for the admiration. These lakes have many different forms at every new hour of the day. These lakes sometimes show the emerald green color and sometimes show the midnight blue pool color. These lakes are so beautiful that you can sit on the side without doing anything for many hours or for the whole day. In winters these lakes freezes many meters deep and treats themselves as a highway.
The main Lakes in the Ladakh region are:
The most famous lake in ladakh is about 160 kms from Leh. Pangong in tibetan stand for “long, narrow, enchanted lake”. The lake is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at a height of about 4,350 m (14,270 ft). It is 134 km (83 mi) long and extends from India to Tibet.
Pangong lake is situated at the height of 14270 ft is interior drainage basin, in which the water is not drained by any mode of method. Because of no drainage facility, this lake has the most salty water. In spite of the salty water, this lake freezes in the winter season. This lake is located at the border of India and china, in which 40% is in India and 60% is in china. The line of control in between the India and China runs from this lake only.
This lake changes its color with each hour of the day. Salty water of the lake has no life to sustain. This lake has so much of salty water that no aquatic life can sustain in it except few Crustaceans. But this lake is home for migratory ducks and gulls. The marshes around the lakes have some signs of the herbs which last at least for 2 to 3 years of monsoons. Once this lake was the channel to Shyok River but due to natural calamities it is blocked now.
Tsomoriri or Lake Moriri (official name: Tsomoriri Wetland Conservation Reserve, is a lake in the Changthang (literally: northern plains) area in Jammu and Kashmir. The lake is at an altitude of 4,595 m (15,075 ft); it is the largest of the high altitude lakes in the Trans-Himalayan bio geographic region, entirely within India. The lake sits between Ladakh, India to the North, Tibet to the east, and Zanskar in the west.
Tsomoriri lake, also known as Moriri lake, is situated at the height of 15,075 ft, is the highest lake in the Ladakh. This lake is totally situated in the Indian Territory. Tsokar means the salty water, as there is no mode of drainage. This lake is fed by the two streams and springs. 34 different species of birds are found at this lake. There is no vegetation in the deep side of the lake while the shallow lake has some signs of vegetation.
Tso Kar – The smallest of the three high altitude alpine lakes in Ladakh region is situated in Rapshu in the southern part of Ladakh.Not far from the famous Tso moriri Lake is Tso Kar Lake. The Tso-Kar Lake also known as ‘White Lake’ The nomadic people Changpas are most outstanding feature of this area. They can be seen moving from one place to other grazing herds of goats, sheep and yaks. Changpas pass their days with their animals and move with their flocks, their only wealth from pasture to pasture according to changing season. Their flocks, their yaks, and goat’s hair furnish the raw material of which they make their ropes, their clothes and shoes. All day long men and women are busy milking, churning the milk into butter, making ropes, weaving mats and other fabrics. These people have been completely beyond the pale of all civilizing influences. Even towards the fag end of the twenty first century, they belong to a primitive pre-historic age, The Drive is scenic and Tsokar lake is one of the best. Tso kar Lake is easy to access and lies at a distance of 160 km from Leh. It lies 30 km west from Leh-Manali Road and 540 km from Srinagar.
Situated around 15 kms from the sacred Diskit region in Nubra valley, Yarab Tso Lake makes it home in the serene surroundings of the Sumur village. Truly captivating is the sight of this lake which can be seen after a hike of around 20 mins uphill from the Panamaik village. Yarab Tso lake is one of the holiest and high altitude lakes in Nubra valley. The presence of crystal clear fresh water in the lake underneath the rocky and barren terrain flashes the enchanting picture of its surroundings, making the view so picturesque.
Mirpal Tso is near to chusul and is completely isolated. The bed of lake is sandy and south end has fresh water.
Another beautiful lake en route Pangong. The lake is small and mostly missed by tourist on their rush to reach Pangong.
The twin lakes of Kyun Tso and Ryul Tso, is located near to Nyoma and Hanle and is about 5000 meters above the sea level. Kyiun Tso is also known as chilling Tso. Very few tourist visit them as the track to reach there is tough and permits are issue. The route is from Mahe – Nyoma – Nidar – Thit Zarbo La.
Enroute Tso Moriri, Kiagar Tso is another beautiful lake and is located in Changthang plateau and is home to Changpas, nomadic ladakhis.
Another twin lakes of Stat Tso and Lang Tso is located in Zanskar region of ladakh near to Pensi La – The highest point in Zanskar.